There are 2 million people who is now incarcerated and releasing half a million prisoners each year, the men being processed through the criminal justice system are large and growing in number which raises important question about this massive institutional intervention and its consequences. This will focus on the black and white job applicants which had an outcome of incarceration for the employment.
Emerging Institutions for Disadvantaged Men
A new kind of researchers emerged as a central to stratify and sorting of the young and disadvantaged men when researchers typically focuses on labor markets, schools and family as institutions that are affecting inequality. Over 2 million people are now incarcerated and releasing half a million prisoners each year, the men being processed through the criminal justice system are large and growing in number which raises important question about this massive institutional intervention and its consequences.
While other surveys research demonstrated an association between employment and incarceration, which remains a little understanding of the mechanisms that produced these outcomes. In the recent study, there is an experimental audit approach to test the degree where the criminal records affect job opportunities. By using people to apply for entry-level jobs, it becomes a possibility to measure the length of criminal records disregarding other characteristics that are disqualifying which serves as a divider to equally qualified applicants in employment. And by varying the testing pairs’ race, we can figure out the ways that the mixture of race and criminal records interact to produce new forms of inequalities in the labor market.
In the past three decades, there is a six hundred percent increase in the number of prison inmates in the United States, which makes it have the highest incarceration rate in the world. Incarceration has changed from a primarily reserved punishment for the heinous offenders to a great range of crimes and criminal records and a larger segment of the population. In crime policy, there are trends that have led to making harsher sentences for offenses in a wider range that cast a wide-spreading of net of penal intervention.
But “Tough on Crime” policies are actually effective in getting criminals off streets, and there is a little provision made for people who got released and got back out. 95 percent of 2 million incarcerated released prisoners while each year, releasing half a million prisoners. Some of these outcomes are the result of destroyed opportunities, grown out of broken families, and social control.
To know more about background checks and criminal records, visit http://govpublicaccess.com